Cleaner Energy in Indonesia
Last month, our team went to Indonesia to report on progress with all the organizations involved in the CSI Indonesia project on what has been done and what has still to be done in implementing the pilot phase.
Where are we now?
Once the lab will be set-up, StovePlus will keep supporting the Yayasan Dian Desa team (YDD) which will allow them to continue improving their technical skills.
To ensure the distribution of stoves, APEX (a specialist management consulting firm) is gathering producers and distributors with the aim to sell 21,800 stoves in total in Central Java. Some of them wish to sell their products in other island which can expand the market.
Reaching a better understanding
Proposing better devices to end-users should allow them to receive greater benefits in terms of costs and health, but they have to be aware of these advantages.
YDD organized a competition for Indonesian students. They had to propose logos and videos for the project and thus grab attention on improved cookstoves. A brand new logo and a cute video to explain improved cookstove benefits have been selected among many other projects. In this way, students had to deal with the professional reality, mentored by their teachers to meet the demand.
A large awareness raising campaign will be implemented to explain the advantages of improved cookstoves to end-users who use dirty technologies. This communication will allow them to choose the best cooking solutions..
Through this work we want to reach female users. They make up the large majority of the users, with a median age of 48 years old.
From the road show with cooking demonstrations and sales in the countryside to the talk show on the radio, the campaign will reach numerous end-users throughout the country to give a better understanding about the benefits of the cookstoves. This stage is essential to make people understand the advantages of cooking devices.
And at the very end?
The partnership with the Indonesian government will permit us to standardize these stoves and to implement sustainable processes to control device quality. To strengthen test capacities on cooking solutions in the country, the government is also implementing its own national laboratory.
Traditional cookstoves are usually hand-made, which means without cost most of the time. To get an improved stove, the end-users have to invest quite a lot, prices range from 13 to 30 US dollars. That’s why it’s absolutely necessary to keep in mind the potential buyers’ purchasing power.
The average end-users income per capita is 108 US dollars per month, that is to say, three times less than the national median.
Thus, it’s essential to make sure they understand that a long-term investment can make them save money (less fuel to buy, longer life product). The project stakeholders are aware that people can’t get a loan to buy a device, even if they think about long-term benefits. We took into account this parameter for the cookstoves to be adopted on a large scale.
Clean energy access, a question to be solved…
LPG, the way forward for Indonesia?
In parallel to this effort, the ministry is putting money into energy transitioning to LPG. Without subsidies, LPG would be too expensive and while prices are increasing, they are still 47% of Indonesian people using solid fuels for cooking. Facing these increasing prices, the government decided to focus on electricity.
While cleaner solution are still not available…
Almost half of the population lives in rural areas which are usually the areas where access to LPG is limited. Indeed, 79.6% of the rural population is still cooking with solid fuels.
If we add to these data the increase of population, the switch to a clean energy is far from being a fixed issue… Thus, the project is meaningful in offering during this stage cleaner technologies than the traditional ones used by 24.5 million people.