Improved cookstoves Myanmar

The baseline assessment is currently being completed and covers mainly macro aspects. Our team is gathering more data to get a very accurate micro analysis to move forward.

Why is micro analysis important?

It is key to understanding the particular context of the different areas in which we work.

For example, it is essential to understand the relationship between stove producers and their retailers for the success of the project.

To date, in Myanmar, a stove is sold 700 Kyat (0.68 USD). As you can see, it’s very cheap. The reason is a little bit complex: during negotiations, the producers concede to sell stoves at a very cheap price because most of them get loans with their retailers for personal or/and professional needs. The retailers take advantage of the situation and ask for interest. Facing financial problems, the producers owe money to retailers who can impose a 700 Kyat price per stove. The producers have very little margin which means they have very little benefit by selling their stoves, and keep them in a touchy financial situation, subsistence. They become dependent and enter into a vicious circle.

It can also be about the skills of the people: what are the differences between two products coming from the same region and produced by the same person? By analyzing randomly the different stoves, in 3 different provinces, the team made a rare discovery: in Hlaing Det, the variation of stove weight is so small that the team concluded that the worker, a young woman, has particular skills which lead to the production of almost identical devices.

Workshop

To accomplish all the current work and further project steps, the team aims to recruit 6 new staff on the field. 20 applicants were short-listed, they had to work hard during a 2 days and a half training that covered topics from basic energy, heat transfer to Monitoring, Verification & Database.

According to their performance, initiative and leadership, their questions, attention and aptitude during the training workshop, the 6 best candidates will be selected.

The A1 quest

Avoiding 3 to 4 months of research to find the original design of the A1 stove, our technical advisor found the original Burmese stove design in its library that permits us to understand what the stove baseline looks like and what can be improved.

The original design came from Thailand and was drawn in the early 80s, later introduced in Myanmar in 1994/95.

After this discovery, the team designed 20 stoves from this original design to get the original A1 stove produced and the future laboratory on the Forestry Department conducted tests on the stoves to figure out which kind of improvements can be done to have a new generation of stoves.

The next step?

Once the laboratory is set-up and the team well-trained, 100 A1 stoves from 4 areas will be tested and compared. From these results, we’ll be able to determine a design with the best performance. It will be submitted to the Myanmar government for them to validate the design and spread it across the whole country to the 35 manufacturers selected who will be able to produce more efficient and cleaner stoves.


This project is funded by the European Union, by the FFEM, the Fondation RAJA and the Fondation Lord Michelham of Hellingly