To choose a stove in Indonesia
Aesthetic, practical, able to cook several meals at the same time, which are the criteria for people to adopt stoves?
An in-depth study about the end-users needs and preferences found that the stove’s beauty has been named the least interesting criteria. People have a much more practical approach and the vast majority of the women want the stove to cook quickly, and to be a versatile, efficient (less fuel to burn means less wood to collect), easy to use and clean device.
That is to say, the more the end-users can save time and money thanks to the stove, the more they may be inclined to adopt the device.
Conversely, the users would reject cookstoves which produce unpleasant smoke, are for single-use, too expensive and too fragile. Thus, Improved Cookstoves have to be sturdy and energy-efficient.
However, these kinds of devices are suitable for the countryside and they are not appropriate for the city: indeed, the GPL-stoves meet much more the needs of the end-users.
The principal issue of the ICS in rural areas is that they are made by hand and less efficient than the ones which are built according to a specific process.
In the rural areas, it is usual that men build the stoves on their own. Well, not exactly on their own: the women are supervising the operations and commenting the production to have the stove the most appropriate to their needs. People are very resourceful, unfortunately, it is quite impossible to produce an efficient cookstoves without the know-how and the adequate tools so the quality is limited.
There are several kinds of devices: the three-stone fire, clay stoves, woodstove chimneys, to name but a few. Of course, it is not so simple, people may adopt 1, 2 and even 3 stoves according to their needs. For instance, the three-stone fire is often used to cook with large pot when the meal is for a lot of people. Indeed, it is the one that heats the fastest and the hottest. However, it is also the most harmful and the less energy-saving.
The woodstove chimneys are multi-purposes, what could be more convenient? They are quite energy-saving, and the kitchen remains clean after using the stove. Women can save 30 minutes per day on cleaning the kitchen and they can dry clothes thanks to the chimney during the rainy season. Useful isn’t it? It is nevertheless not the perfect stove: the chimney is expensive and people have to be trained by qualified people to know how to build them and to clean them. Obviously, the perfect stove doesn’t exist.
In fact, to distribute stoves is not sufficient. If you try to build a flat-pack furniture without guidelines, don’t be surprised if you get an unidentified object.
That’s the reason why a team goes on the field to explain how to build, clean and maintain the device. This work is essential to ensure that the device will last a long time.
Once the household gets the brand new stove, the woman can cook with less risk for her health and environment. Also, they use less fuels and they can save time and money depending how they get the wood. Our team has noticed that these devices meet the needs of these families, in particular according to their preferences and the geographical and socio-economical context of this region.
But what is true for these areas is not always true for others…