market assessment myanmar

To better understand the energy sector in Myanmar, it was necessary to get a wider overview than just the cookstove sector itself. From health to cooking habits, environment, the economy and many others, the baseline gathers informations on local conditions to get a stronger understanding of what could be the obstacles and the opportunities for the project.

Going through the health sector, EMC highlighted some issues that will be used to help end-users understand how unhealthy cooking is with traditional biomass cookstoves: 

“The Global Burden of Disease assessment indicated that the three risk factors that account for the most disease burden in Myanmar are dietary risks, tobacco smoking, and household air pollution from solid fuels.”

“The high life expectancy differential between women in Myanmar and the rest of ASEAN is mainly due to: High maternity mortality rates, lacking health system and infrastructure, inadequate disease control”

Also, they found that “the first cause of premature death in Myanmar as measured by years of life lost (YLL) [are] Lower respiratory infections”

Regarding the fuel consumption, the findings show a situation that can be strongly improved thanks to a project that covers most of the regions:

“Over 92% of Myanmar households still use solid fuels as their primary cooking fuel.”

“Fuel wood accounts for 90% of all biomass sourced energy, which includes fuel wood, charcoal, agriculture residue, and animal waste.”

EMC focused also on the environment given that Myanmar has a high rate of deforestation since the 1990’s:

“Myanmar remains well endowed with forest cover yet the country has experienced some of the highest rates of forest loss on Earth: 1.17% (1990 to 2000), 0.9% (2000 to 2005) and 0.95% (2005 to 2010).”

At the political level, there is a big effort to move forward in the energy access sector and that is really valuable for project:

“Myanmar has one of the lowest electrification rates in South East Asia with approximately 26% of households connected to the main grid. In rural areas 4% of total households obtain their electricity from sources such as mini-hydro, biomass, PV systems and generators.”

“Myanmar has a goal for 100% access to electricity by 2030.”

Thus, as one can see, people use biomass for their cooking needs and there is not yet a change in their cooking habits: “Based on current trends of biomass consumption, UNEP estimates that if 25% of the country’s 13 million households shift from traditional to efficient cook stoves - potential emissions reduction would amount to 6.5 million tCO2 per year.”

This is a quick resume of all the informations gathered for the baseline assessment of the SCALE project. The data analysis and final reporting will be released at the beginning of the summer 2015.

A study from Emerging Markets Consulting Myanmar (EMC), Myanmar Cookstoves Market Assessment

@StovePlus, a program by GERES
This project is funded by the European Union, by the FFEM, the Fondation RAJA and the Fondation Lord Michelham of Hellingly