Myanmar

Burmese

Myanmar is the second largest country in Southeast Asia with a population of 60 million of which about 70% rely on traditional biomass (firewood and charcoal) for their daily cooking needs. In rural areas, where firewood can still be easily collected, the statistic is close to 100% and it is used to cook over open fires. In addition, women and young girls face the burden of walking long distances to collect firewood around their villages. More than 58% of the time, it is the women’s task to collect firewood and they spend more than 217 hours a year on this activity (Mercy Corps Myanmar, 2012)

Goals

This project aims to substantially reduce household fuel cost and consumption. In the long term, the government and people of Myanmar will benefit from annual savings with increased earnings through the international carbon market, whereby raising Myanmar's economic situation rapidly above the poverty line.

Offer a Large-scale access to certified, efficient and clean biomass stoves

to contribute to economic opportunities, poverty alleviation and climate change mitigation

Foster a high added-value ICS supply chain

for male and female entrepreneurs attributed to the sharing of best practices, technology and know-how transfer

Implement a gender-sensitive policy framework

to create a favourable environment to remove institutional and financial barriers

Create conditions for up scaling and replication

to strengthen the sector, to improve the ICS value chain and to meet users ‘aspiration

Cooking in Myanmar

“Thanks to this project, we will be able to implement and spread Certified and Standardized Improved Cookstoves in Myanmar which is one of the principal needs for now in this sector”

Zaw Zaw Han, Associate Project Manager

Our intervention, services provided

Baseline Assessment

A Myanmar Cookstove Market Assessment will be conducted, including socio-energetic user surveys and macro-economic information relevant to the sector.

Find out more about Baseline Assessment

Testing and R&D

Stove Testing and Development facility will be established as part of creating conditions for stove market development. Testing specialists will be trained to apply internationally recognised stove performance and emission testing protocols and will conduct unbiased, independent and qualified stove testing and development upon demand.

Find out more about Testing and R&D

Standards & Labelling

A Stove Standards framework will be drafted by the MoECAF with the support of project implementers and advisors.

Find out more about Standards & Labelling

Quality Assurance and Quality Control

Myanmar government institutions, such as the Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry (MoECAF) and its technical divisions are involved through supporting and taking part in implementation of project activities, as advisors, counterparts and sector managers to ensure the quality of each stage of the value chain.

Find out more about Quality Assurance and Quality Control

Monitoring & Evaluation

The ICS supply chain will be strengthened through the involvement of Myanmar government institutions to implement project activities, as advisors, counterparts and sector managers, professional development trainings, discussions on the viability of business plans, the introduction of quality control mechanisms and transfer of technology.

Find out more about Monitoring & Evaluation

Business Development

Gender-sensitive promotion materials and other marketing activities will boost user demand and interest in ICS, leading to increased profits throughout the supply chain.

Find out more about Business Development

Access to Finance

Institutional and financial barriers will be removed for sector development by initiating the set-up of an interprofessional ICS producers and distributors association/ national cookstove alliance to facilitate markets- and policy dialogue, assessing access to finance, impact investment, etc.

Find out more about Access to Finance

Partners

European Commission

Groupe Energies Renouvelables Environnement et Solidarités - GERES

StovePlus

Ever Green Group (EGG), Myanmar

ETC Energia, Netherlands

Improved Cookstoves Producers and Distributors Association in Cambodia (ICoProDAC), Cambodia

Forest Department, Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry of Myanmar

The Myanmar has been influenced over the years by many external influences: Chinese, Indian, Thai, English... Moreover, there are 130 ethnic minority groups in Myanmar and they all have their own language and culture. They account for more than a third of the population.

Thus, Muslims (who are divided into Indians, Persians, Arabs and more ethnic communities), Buddhists, Christians, Hindus live together in the country. All these influences together play a large part in the cultural life of the country and you can discover them in the food, the architecture, the music, and more.

Challenges

Decades of political turmoil, military rule, economic sanctions, warfare and socio-political conflicts have resulted in a stifled economy and political isolation. After the parliamentary elections of 2010 and the establishment of Thien Sein as the president, the new government has led a series of political and economic reforms to open up the country. The recognition of development issues by Myanmar’s government presents possibilities to benefit from support to implement grass-roots development projects and establish new policy frameworks.

Reducing biomass consumption through Improved Cookstoves (ICS) is one of the widely recognised measures taken to strengthen economies at household scale, to structure production and to raise awareness. However, cookstove production in Myanmar remains largely fragmented and non-standardized. The performance of the cookstoves that are produced and sold remains unknown and their efficiency is contested. Consumers rarely have information on the quality, performance or safety of such equipment.

In addition, the absence of stove testing facilities, common stove performance protocols and cookstove standards are key constraints to quality control and regulation of this informal market. Furthermore, there is currently no advocacy for ICS at the policy level; however inter-ministerial collaboration on Myanmar Energy Policy is in the process.