Up-scaling Improved Cookstove Dissemination in Myanmar
Through replication of best practices from Cambodia and Southeast Asia
The project promotes large-scale access to certified, more efficient and cleaner biomass stoves for vulnerable men and women of Myanmar contributing to economic opportunities, poverty alleviation and climate change mitigation
- January 2014 - January 2018
- 2,631,096 € | Initial funding by the EU / SWITCH Asia: 2,000,000 € | Co-funding/leverage opportunity: 631,096 €
Myanmar is the second largest country in Southeast Asia with a population
of 60 million of which about 70% rely on traditional biomass
(firewood and charcoal) for their daily cooking needs. In rural areas, where
firewood can still be easily collected, the statistic is close to 100% and it
is used to cook over open fires. In addition, women and young girls face the
burden of walking long distances to collect firewood around their villages.
More than 58% of the time, it is the women’s task to collect firewood and they
spend more than 217 hours a year on this activity (Mercy Corps Myanmar, 2012)
This project aims to substantially reduce household fuel cost and consumption. In
the long term, the government and people of Myanmar will benefit from annual
savings with increased earnings through the international carbon market,
whereby raising Myanmar's economic situation rapidly above the poverty line.
Offer a Large-scale access to certified, efficient and clean biomass stoves
to contribute to economic opportunities, poverty alleviation and climate change mitigation
Foster a high added-value ICS supply chain
for male and female entrepreneurs attributed to the sharing of best practices, technology and know-how transfer
Implement a gender-sensitive policy framework
to create a favourable environment to remove institutional and financial barriers
Create conditions for up scaling and replication
to strengthen the sector, to improve the ICS value chain and to meet users ‘aspiration
“Thanks to this project, we will be able to implement and spread Certified and Standardized Improved Cookstoves in Myanmar which is one of the principal needs for now in this sector”
Zaw Zaw Han, Associate
StovePlus’ technical advisor goes to the GERES office in Yangon to see how the project is advancing
Assessing the context in Myanmar to design the right cooking solution for 2 million potential customers (1/2)
Assessing the context in Myanmar to design the right cooking solution for 2 million potential customers (2/2)
Our intervention, services provided
A Myanmar Cookstove Market Assessment will be conducted, including socio-energetic user surveys and macro-economic information relevant to the sector.Find out more about Baseline Assessment
Testing and R&D
Stove Testing and Development facility will be established as part of creating conditions for stove market development. Testing specialists will be trained to apply internationally recognised stove performance and emission testing protocols and will conduct unbiased, independent and qualified stove testing and development upon demand.Find out more about Testing and R&D
Quality Assurance and Quality Control
Myanmar government institutions, such as the Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry (MoECAF) and its technical divisions are involved through supporting and taking part in implementation of project activities, as advisors, counterparts and sector managers to ensure the quality of each stage of the value chain.Find out more about Quality Assurance and Quality Control
Monitoring & Evaluation
The ICS supply chain will be strengthened through the involvement of Myanmar government institutions to implement project activities, as advisors, counterparts and sector managers, professional development trainings, discussions on the viability of business plans, the introduction of quality control mechanisms and transfer of technology.Find out more about Monitoring & Evaluation
Access to Finance
Institutional and financial barriers will be removed for sector development by initiating the set-up of an interprofessional ICS producers and distributors association/ national cookstove alliance to facilitate markets- and policy dialogue, assessing access to finance, impact investment, etc.Find out more about Access to Finance
Groupe Energies Renouvelables Environnement et Solidarités - GERES
Ever Green Group (EGG), Myanmar
ETC Energia, Netherlands
Improved Cookstoves Producers and Distributors Association in Cambodia (ICoProDAC), Cambodia
Forest Department, Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry of Myanmar
The Myanmar has been influenced over the years by many external influences: Chinese, Indian, Thai, English... Moreover, there are 130 ethnic minority groups in Myanmar and they all have their own language and culture. They account for more than a third of the population.Thus, Muslims (who are divided into Indians, Persians, Arabs and more ethnic communities), Buddhists, Christians, Hindus live together in the country. All these influences together play a large part in the cultural life of the country and you can discover them in the food, the architecture, the music, and more.
Decades of political turmoil, military rule, economic sanctions, warfare and socio-political conflicts have resulted in a stifled economy and political isolation. After the parliamentary elections of 2010 and the establishment of Thien Sein as the president, the new government has led a series of political and economic reforms to open up the country. The recognition of development issues by Myanmar’s government presents possibilities to benefit from support to implement grass-roots development projects and establish new policy frameworks.
Reducing biomass consumption through Improved Cookstoves (ICS) is one of the widely recognised measures taken to strengthen economies at household scale, to structure production and to raise awareness. However, cookstove production in Myanmar remains largely fragmented and non-standardized. The performance of the cookstoves that are produced and sold remains unknown and their efficiency is contested. Consumers rarely have information on the quality, performance or safety of such equipment.
In addition, the absence of stove testing facilities, common stove performance protocols and cookstove standards are key constraints to quality control and regulation of this informal market. Furthermore, there is currently no advocacy for ICS at the policy level; however inter-ministerial collaboration on Myanmar Energy Policy is in the process.